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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 16, 1935

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 42 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The Politburo orders an increase in the number of Soviet trade officials in Kumul and Aksu.

  • August 05, 1935

    Concerning the Release of Money to the NKVD

    The CPSU Politburo releases 1.2 million rubles to support individuals arriving in the Soviet Union from Xinjiang.

  • September 13, 1935

    Politburo Decisions of 13 September 1935 Concerning Xinjiang

    The Politburo directs manpower and funds to support the Xinjiang army and accepts the text of an agreement between the Mongolian People's Republic and Manchukuo on the issue of a border commission.

  • September 29, 1935

    Politburo Decisions of 29 September 1935 Concerning Xinjiang

    The Politburo prohibits NKVD officers in Xinjiang from deviating from the approved political line and proposes developing oil near the border under the guise of Xinjiang production.

  • October 01, 1935

    Concerning the Sale of Soviet Military Equipment to the Xinjiang Government

    The Politburo orders military equipment, including U-2 aircraft, small arms, and clothing, from NKO stocks to be sold to the Xinjiang government.

  • October 03, 1935

    Concerning Relations with the 36th Division (National Revolutionary Army)

    The Politburo orders the NKVD to seek, with the cooperation of Ma Zhongying, commander of the 36th Division of the National Revolutionary Army, the departure of the NRA division commanders most hostile to the Xinjiang government. The Politburo also instructs the NKVT and NKID to commence trade with the 36th Division immediately.

  • October 30, 1935

    Report about Anṭun Sa'adah (Anton Saadeh)

    Report on the PPS and a meeting with Anṭun Sa'adah

  • November 15, 1935

    Concerning Cde. Apresov's Gifts to Leaders in Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders objects to be released to the disposition of Cde. Apresov, the General Consul in Urumqi, for distribution as gifts to government officials in Xinjiang.

  • 1936

    Telegram from Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov to G. Apresov, Consul General in Urumqi

    Stalin, Molotov, Voroshilov express alarm about Shicai Sheng's red corner and discussions about the possible Sovietization of Xinjiang, reported in an earlier telegram from G. Apresov. They reaffirm that the USSR has no territorial claims on China, denies any plans for the Sovietization of Xinjiang, and declares its firm support for China in its struggle of independence from Japan, Britain, and other imperialist countries.

  • February 07, 1936

    Concerning Negotiations with Ma Zhongying of the 36th Devision of the National Revolutionary Army

    The Politburo accepts Ma Zhongying's proposal and recommends that the Urumqi government agree to appropriate concessions in peace talks with the 36th Division.

  • February 28, 1936

    Concerning the Protection of the USSR from Espionage and Sabotage

    The Politburo adopts measures to protect the Soviet Union from the penetration of terrorist, espionage, and sabotage elements.

  • March 09, 1936

    Concerning the Proposals of Cde. Voroshilov on Foreign Intelligence

    The Politburo approves the proposals of Cde. Voroshilov concerning intelligence work abroad.

  • March 17, 1936

    Concerning the Special Purpose Geological Expedition in Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders the NKTP Special Purpose Geological Expedition in Xinjiang to continue prospecting for tin, tungsten, and molybdenum, allocating rubles and workers to support their efforts.

  • March 29, 1936

    Concerning the Maintenance of Peoples from Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders to release of over 1.2 million rubles to the NKVD to support the maintenance of peoples from Xinjiang.

  • June 17, 1936

    Concerning Soviet Trade with Xinjiang

    The Politburo reduces the import plan for Xinjiang after a cattle plague and poor cotton harvest, while ordering the export plans to remain at their current level.

  • July 16, 1936

    On Soviet Trade Officials in Xinjiang

    The CPSU Politburo increases the number of Soviet trade officials in Xinjiang.

  • September 01, 1936

    Ejection of the Communist Francis

  • October 04, 1936

    Letter from Sheng Shicai to Cde. V. M. Molotov

    Governor Shicai Sheng of Xinjiang praises the Soviet Union and expresses gratitude to Cde. V. M. Molotov for the "moral and material friendly aid" Xinjiang has received from the Soviet Union while expressing regret that he will be unable to accompany Apresov, the Consul General in Urumqi, on his visit to the Soviet Union.

  • February 16, 1937

    Concerning Soviet Geological Exploration Work in Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders that the Special Expedition of the NKTP continue its work in the territory of Xinjiang, namely exploring and mining in the Surtassky deposit and the Ili [Yili] District, through 1937.

  • April 04, 1937

    Concerning a Peace Settlement in Kashgar

    The Politburo orders both the governor of Kashgar and Cde. Smirnov to appeal to Mamut to resolve his disputes with the Urumqi government peacefully. In the event that Mamut begins conducting military opeartions against the Urumqi government, the Politburo orders Cdes. Frinovsky and Uritsky to prepare a plan of military measures against the Uighur division.