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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 13, 1965

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Special committee proposed by MacNamara'

    The note is about MacNamara's proposal to establish a Special Committee in order to broaden Allies' participation in the strategic planning of US nuclear deterrent and to reach a more efficient process of political consultation. The document outlines some points related to Italy's position.

  • February 20, 1966

    Report by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Nuclear Planning Working Group of the "Special Committee" (Washington, 17th-18th February, 1966), with a letter from Andrea Cagiati'

    Cagiati sends Andreotti a report about the meeting in Washington, which concluded Giulio Andreotti's period as Minister of Defense. Cagiati thanks Andreotti for his work, that made sure that "in this period the relationship between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Defense has been strong and efficient like never before". The report describes the meeting (the first meeting of this working group) and the viewpoints of the participants, with special attention payed to the US nuclear policy. The document describes also the fields which require further investigations by the Working Group. There are Cagiati's personal reflections too.

  • April 30, 1966

    Report by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Special Committee. Meeting of the Nuclear Planning Working Group at the level of Ministers of Defense (London, 28th-29th April 1966)'

    The report describes the second meeting of the Nuclear Planning Working Group at the level of Ministers of Defense, during which a discussion about the planning, the use and the political control of tactical nuclear weapons has taken place. The document analyzes the SACEUR's position, the data related to the opposing armed forces existing in the European theater; the possible hypothesis of local conflicts and the problems related to the various scenarios. The London meeting was "open-ended", without leading to any concrete decision, and the topic appeared more complex than expected. The document observes that within the NATO there are diverging opinions on these matters.

  • October 15, 1972

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs Note, 'French military nuclear policy and its consequences for the European unification'

    The note suggests that French motives for developing nuclear capabilities are political rather than based on national security considerations. France seeks to insure a key role in global political and military balance, and its behavior creates unfavorable conditions for the development of common European defense.

  • December 27, 1972

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs Telespresso (Circular), 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council, 7th-8th December 1972'

    Italian perspective on the NATO Council of Ministers meeting in Brussels that discussed the credibility of Western European defense. The document highlights the need for a unified and cohesive negotiation strategy among the allies.

  • June 28, 1974

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs (signed by De Rin), 'Atlantic Council held in Ottawa, 18th-19th June 1974'

    Reflections on the current state of transatlantic relations and Kissinger's foreign policy from Italian perspective. The meeting in Ottawa revealed that the US-Europe relationship is not one of harmony and concord, but that Kissinger sees himself as a peace builder in East-West relations, viewing them in strictly bilateral terms.

  • 1977

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Disarmament'

    This note my the Italian Foreign Ministry discusses the growing tensions caused by the ongoing arms race and introduces different disarmament strategies suggested by the Soviet Union, Denmark, and the Warsaw Pact.

  • May 10, 1977

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Factual Data: Cruise Missiles'

    This document describes the operational characteristics and strategic implications of cruise missiles, and their potential significance for SALT.

  • May 10, 1977

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'SALT'

    This document describes the state of SALT negotiations between the USSR and the US and presents two alternative proposals by Vance.

  • May 10, 1977

    Memorandum by Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 'MBFR'

    This document describes the state of MBFR negotiations in May 1977, and concludes that the positions of the two sides have not moved closer to one another since the last meeting a year earlier.

  • December 14, 1978

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The autumn sessions of NATO Ministers of Defense meetings (Eurogroup: 4th December; DPC 5th-6th December 1978)'

    The 1978 fall sessions of the Eurogroup and the Defense Planning Committee discussed the Alliance's reaction to new nuclear capabilities of the Soviet Union and conventional build up of the Warsaw Pact. Even though the NATO states acknowledge that the Soviet Union will not be able to maintain its current efforts due to its economic problems, 1980s are seen as posing risks to the current peace.

  • December 18, 1978

    Memorandum by Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 'The 1978 Ministerial Atlantic Council'

    Notes from the NATO Ministerial meeting. Topics discussed included the need to "relaunch" détente, Soviet policy in Africa, US optimism about SALT, political tensions in Romania, China and the Baltics, and European concerns over Soviet medium range missiles.

  • January 27, 1979

    Letter by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Forlani to the Minister of Defense Ruffini, and Ruffini's reply with attachment General Staff of Defense (SMD) note

    Correspondence between the Foreign Minister Forlani and Minister of Defense Ruffini regarding modernization of NATO's nuclear capabilities, including technical and military aspects, and political implications.

  • December 08, 1983

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Notes for the discussion: East-West relations'

    This report is part of a wide documentation prepared by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the meeting of the Atlantic Council in Brussels in December 1983. A central theme is the installation of the INF in Western Europe and the consequent interruption of the INF treaty negotiations in Geneva by the USSR.

  • December 08, 1983

    Note by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council - State of the Alliance'

    These notes from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs analyze the current state of the alliance. The document offers an overview of recent positive and negative developments , focusing on the issue of restarting the INF negotiations.

  • May 26, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'UEO - Updated positions of the Seven about the relaunch of the Organization - Preparatory works of the Ministerial Council in June'

    Following the presentation of a memorandum on the revival of WEU (31 January 1984), there appears to be substantial agreement on deepening European cooperation in the field of security. The document describes national positions of member countries.

  • May 29, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Situation of the Atlantic Alliance'

    Part of Foreign Ministry's documentation about the Ministerial Session at the NATO council meeting in Washington, May 1984. It dicusses strategic parity, current state of alliance, and its cohesion vis-à-vis Warsaw Pact.

  • May 29, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Problems related to security and disarmament'

    This document describes the problems related to security and disarmament in East-West relations. The Soviet intransigence combined with lack of consensus among the NATO states makes reopening nuclear disarmament negotiations difficult.

  • June 03, 1984

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs to various Embassies of Warsaw Pact countries, 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council'

    This telegram from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the embassies in Warsaw Pact countries dicusses the outcomes of the Atlantic Council meeting in Washington, May 1984. It offers an overview of the current state of the alliance and prospects for East-West relations.

  • June 12, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Visit of NATO's Secretary General Lord Carrington (12th June, 1984)'

    A short summary from the ministerial session of the Atlantic Council in Washington. The focus of the discussion is on the role of NATO in East-West relations, CSCE, and the problem of INFs.