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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 26, 1955

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Pál Szarvas, Hungarian Ambassador to the DPRK, describing the seemingly purposeful efforts of the North Korean government to minimize the effectiveness of all foreign delegations in the DPRK. He also talks about the lack of transparency of the government towards not just foreign diplomats but the North Korean populace as well.

  • April, 1955

    Information on the Situation in the DPRK

    Soviet diplomats Fedorenko and Ponomarev report on a wide range of issues involving North Korea, including agriculture, industry, and economic conditions in the DPRK, relations with China and the Soviet Union, and the situation in South Korea.

  • April 12, 1955

    Record of a Conversation with Cde. Ryu Seong-hun, Rector of the DPRK Cabinet of Ministers Institute of the Economy and Economics

    Ryu Seong-hun talks with S. Filatov about serious theoretical mistakes and shortcomings at North Korea’s Ministers Institute of the Economy and Economics.

  • April 13, 1955

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Dr. László Keresztes, Chargé d’Affaires ad interim at the Hungarian embassy in the DPRK, which talks about a conversation he had with Soviet Counselor A.M. Petrov. Keresztes sharply criticizes the secrecy and force that is utilized by the North Korean government and talks especially about the unreasonable economic conditions which exist in the DPRK.

  • May 10, 1955

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Dr. László Keresztes, Chargé d’Affaires ad interim at the Hungarian embassy in the DPRK, which describes the food shortage in the DPRK and the ineffective actions of the Northern government to alleviate the situation.

  • May 11, 1955

    Report from I. Kurdyukov to V.M. Molotov

    Molotov and Kurdyukov discuss political purges under Kim Il Sung, who has established a Stalin-like cult of personality in North Korea and the ongoing relief efforts by various Communist countries to provide food aid to North Korea.

  • June 28, 1955

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Pál Szarvas, Hungarian Ambassador to the DPRK, describing a meeting he had with Kim Il Sung on 24 June 1955. Topics they talked about included Hungarian experts in the DPRK, the economic situation in the DPRK and factionalism within the North Korean CC.

  • July 12, 1955

    Synopsis of the Political Report of the Soviet Embassy in the DPRK for 1955

    The Soviet Embassy provides a synopsis on the political report of the DPRK regarding its economic and domestic political situation, foreign policy, the Embassy's work, and general concluding remarks.

  • August 17, 1955

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Pál Szarvas, Hungarian Ambassador to the DPRK, describing a meeting he had with Soviet Ambassador Vasily Ivanovich Ivanov on 29 July 1955. He talks about the unusually frank conversation they had in which the latter openly criticized the secretiveness and reservedness of the North Korean government. The Soviet Ambassador asked that the Hungarian embassy, if it shares the same opinion as the Soviets, exert pressure on the North Koreans to correct their mistakes. Szarvas, though he implies his agreement with Ivanov, suggests that no action be taken at the current time.

  • October 26, 1955

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from József Füredi, chargé d’affaires ad interim at the Hungarian embassy in the DPRK, on a meeting he had with German Ambassador Richard Fischer on 10 October 1955. He reports that the German Ambassador believes the North Korean government and leadership is much less effective than the Chinese one.

  • December 02, 1955

    Decision by the December Plenum of the Central Committee of the Korean Workers’ Party held on 2nd and 3rd of December 1955 concerning the Criminal and Anti-Party Activities by Kim Yeol

    Kim Il Sung described the "criminal" activities of Kim Yeol in Hwanghae. The Central Committee of Workers' Party decided to exclude him form the party and bring him to trial.

  • December 02, 1955

    Decision of the KWP CC December Plenum, 2-3 December 1955, 'Concerning the Anti-Party, Factional Activity of Pak Il-u'

    The resolution lists the accusations raised against Pak Il-u and his collaborators Jang Si-u, Pak Heon-yeong, and Ri Seung-yeop, and moves to remove Pak from the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee.

  • December 04, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 4 December 1955

    DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan and Minister of Construction Kim Seung-hwa report to Ivanov about the KWP CC plenum decision to expel Pak Il-u and Kim Yeol from the party and the Central Committee. The conversation touches on the issue of a group of Soviet Korean members who have been accused of supporting anti-Party reactionary writers.

  • December 06, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 6 December 1955

    Nam Il tells Ivanov that Kim Il Sung is actively working to settle the issue of citizenship among Soviet Koreans in the party. Kim acknowledges that granting them citizenship could help ease relations between them and local Koreans. Nam insists that Kim does not believe that the Soviet Koreans are ill-intentioned.

  • December 07, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 7 December 1955

    Ivanov speaks with Kim Il Sung about the proceedings of the most recent KWP CC plenum. The plenum touched upon plans to improve North Korea’s agriculture sector. Ivanov describes in length Kim’s accusation of Chinese and Soviet Korean party members of undermining the party leadership. Ivanov advises against categorizing party members as Soviet, Chinese, or local.

  • December 22, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 22 December 1955

    Nam Il explains that all Soviet Koreans are facing hostility from local Koreans due to the mistakes of a few individuals, who he says have warranted condemnation by failing to assimilate properly to political and private life in the DPRK. The two also discuss recent developments in Sweden's and Switzerland's efforts to reorganize the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission.

  • December 26, 1955

    The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (A Brief Memorandum)

    A memorandum reviewing both Koreas' economic conditions and respective political makeups after the Korean War, and reconstruction efforts and agricultural shortages in North Korea.

  • 1956

    Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee Directive to Soviet Ambassador Ivanov

    The CPSU CC requests that Ianov send reports on the decisions of Korean Workers' Party Central Committee September plenary session and how the discussions of the provincial party committees are proceeding.

  • February 21, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan

    Pak tells Filatov that he does not fully agree with the KWP CC Presidium decision regarding Pak Chang-ok because the Presidium's failure to cite specific evidence. Pak Ui-wan says that he spoke well of Pak Chang-ok in a recent meeting with Kim Il Sung.

  • February 25, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and Pak Yeong-bin

    Pak says that while he himself has admitted to his mistakes and engaged in self-criticism, Pak Chang-ok continues to deny that he had engaged in factionalist, anti-Party activity. Pak Yeong-bin also describes several factors that may have played a role in the “The Further Strengthening of the Fight Against Reactionary Bourgeois Ideology in Literature” decision made by Kim Il Sung and the Presidium.