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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 01, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Premier Kim Il Sung

    Yoon Gong-heum and others at the August Plenum speak out against the cult of personality in the KWP and reject the party line. They are expelled from the party, and those who fled are held at the Chinese border.

  • September 01, 1956

    Diary of Ambassador of the USSR to the DPRK V.I. Ivanov for the period from 29 August to 14 September 1956

    Kim Il Sung, in conversation with Ivanov, expresses his concerns about assignment of personnel and the cult of personality in North Korea.

  • September 03, 1956

    Letter from Ri Sang-jo to N.S. Khrushchev

    Ri Sang-jo urges Khrushchev to send a Sino-Soviet delegation to intervene in the aftermath of the August KWP CC Plenum.

  • September 04, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with the Ambassador of the Peoples Republic of China to the DPRK Qiao Xiaoguang

    Ambassador Ivanov in the DPRK speaks with PRC Ambassador on the four Koreans who spoke against Kim Il Sung that are being held at the Chinese border. Ivanov states that the Soviet Union is against criticizing Kim Il Sung.

  • September 05, 1956

    Report by N.T. Fedorenko on a Conversation with Ri Sang-jo, Ambassador of the DPRK to the USSR

    The Ambassador of the DPRK to the Soviet Union reports on the mishandling of critics during the August and September Plenums, and testifies "to the existence of the most negative consequences of the cult of personality in the DPRK."

  • September 05, 1956

    Letter from Seo Hwi, Yun Gong-heum, Li Pil-gyu, and Kim Gwan to the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee

    Seo Hwi, Yun Gong-heum, Li Pil-gyu, and Kim Gwan provide a detailed report on the events of the August Incident and the days leading up to the plenum. The four justify their actions and request the support of the Chinese Communist Party.

  • September 06, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Pak Ui-wan

    Pak Ui-wan explains to V.I. Ivanov the personality cult in the Korean Worker's Party and the somewhat unstable condition of the Worker's Party due to the debate surrounding the cult of personality.

  • September 10, 1956

    Memorandum of a Conversation with DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo

    Ri Sang-jo expresses to Shcherbakov his concerns about the problems within the Korean Workers' Party and indicates that external help is needed.

  • September 10, 1956

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Ambassador Károly Práth to Budapest on the unusual circumstances in the run-up to and during his first meeting with Kim Il Sung.

  • October 05, 1956

    Letter from Ri Sang-jo to the Central Committee of the Korean Workers Party

    Letter from Ri Sang-jo to CPSU Central Committee in which Ri writes about his disagreement with the decisions made at Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Plenum in August 1956.

  • October 12, 1956

    Letter from Ri Sang-jo to the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee

    Ri Sang-jo seeks to redress the issue of aid from the Soviet Union by reminding party members of the CPSU's friendship and assistance to the North Korean people both before and after the Korean War. Ri discloses Soviet criticism of Kim Il Sung's economic policies and the cult of personality during meetings held in Moscow in the summer of 1956 and insists that the DPRK learn from the experiences of the fraternal communist parties in economic planning and in their struggles against cults of personality.

  • October 19, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between B.N. Vereshchagin and DPRK Consul General to the USSR Kim Hyung-mo

    Kim Hyung-mo tells advisor to the Far East Department B.N. Vereshchagin about a letter written by DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo, addressed to Kim Il Sung. Ri asked Kim to have it translated into Russian so that Fedorenko could read it as well.

  • October 22, 1956

    Letter from DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo to Kim Il Sung

    Ri expresses strong disapproval of the accusations brought against certain party members, including himself. He asks that he be removed from the Korean Workers' Party and presents his own accusations against Kim of embezzling state funds.

  • October 26, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with the charge d’ affaires of the Chinese Embassy in the DPRK, Chao Ke Xian

    Ambassador Ivanov meets with charge d’ affaires of the Chinese embassy in the DPRK, Chao Ke Xian, regarding Ivanov's meeting with Kim Il Sung. Kim Il Sung allegedly made promises about publishing the decrees of the August and September Plenums, which he has not done.

  • November 05, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with the Chinese Ambassador to the DPRK Qiao Xiaoguang

    The PRC intervention of Mikoyan and Peng Dehuai regarding the September Plenum is discussed, along with the possibility of the critics of Kim Il Sung's leadership returning from the PRC.

  • November 28, 1956

    Letter Fischer to Florin, North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union

    Fisher informs Florin about personnel changes in North Korean Embassy in Soviet Union.

  • December 28, 1956

    Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee Report on the Situation in the Korean Workers' Party and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    The Soviet embassy in Pyongyang provides a description of the events leading up to the 1956 August Plenum,the strained relations between the DPRK and the PRC following the joint Sino-Soviet intervention, and North Korean development strategies.

  • April 09, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 9 April 1957

    During his conversation with Puzanov, Kim Il Sung discusses the five-year plan to develop the DPRK's economy, the KWP's efforts to improve the standard of living for the North Korean people, factionalism and the eventual consolidation of KWP members under the official party line, Stalin's cult of personality, and problems in the North Korean judiciary.

  • August 29, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with the Counselor of the Embassy of the USSR, Comrade. Makarov on 27.VIII.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Makarov discuss North Korea's Five-Year Plan and the suggestions and assistance being offered by the Soviet Union and China.

  • December 17, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Pimenov, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Pimenov discuss the situation in the Central Committee of the Korean Workers' Party and the ongoing purges of the "August Group."