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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 13, 1981

    CPSU CC Politburo Protocol (extract), "On Information about the Polish question for the leaders of the fraternal countries"

    Soviet ambassadors are informed that martial law has been declared in Poland.

  • December 13, 1981

    Stenographic transcript of the meeting of the Consultative Political Committee of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party

    This is an extensive meeting dealing with the situation unfolding in Poland following Jarulzelski’s declaration of martial law in December 1981.

  • December 15, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Background to the Polish Imposition of Martial Law'

    Report comes after the declaration of martial law, and takes intelligence from a former Polish General Staff Officer to illuminate some of the details that went into the planning of martial law.

  • December 17, 1981

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Executive Bureau [Politburo] of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party

    Meeting of the Romanian Executive Bureau of the CC RCP, regarding the situation in Poland. The discussion focuses on what kind of aid the Romanians should send the Polish government.

  • December 18, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Soviet Influence Among the Current Polish Leadership and Composition of the Council of National Salvation'

    Report elaborates on how the imposition of martial law makes the Polish government more reliant on Soviet authorities.

  • December 21, 1981

    Central Intelligence Agency, 'Background to Present Situation in Poland and Possible Soviet Role'

    Report outlines the various factors leading up to martial law, including Soviet influence, possible Warsaw Pact intervention, and possible public backlash.

  • December 24, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Soviet Pressure on Polish Government to Act Against the Polish Church'

    Report discusses how after breaking Solidarnosc resistance, the next most important part of maintaining power is to lessen the influence of the Catholic Church. The Soviets propose tactics such as smear campaigns against priests, paternity suits, and getting priests drunk.

  • December 24, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Possible Polish Strategy During the Present Phase'

    Report takes information from a former Polish General. He discusses efforts to strike a deal with leaders of Solidarnosc (Solidarity) to oust extremists and set up a new "Worker's Solidarity" organization to take protests against the government off the streets.

  • December 29, 1981

    Moldavia Communist Party Central Committee, Transcript No. 24 of the Meeting of Central Committee Bureau of the Moldavian Communist Party

    Summary of discussions and decisions made by the Moldavian Communist Party to combat Romanian nationalist propaganda. These orders mobilized the entire education system and print and broadcast network to bolster and reinforce “a scientific conception of the world,” “ideological convictions,” “firm political vigilance” and “a class-oriented intransigence towards bourgeois and revisionist propaganda.” Although China was mentioned as one of the responsible parties for this propaganda, the central culprits behind the “abruptly intensified hostile actions” seeking “to oppose the Moldavian people to the Russians and other peoples of the USSR” resided in the West and over the Moldavian-Romanian frontier.

  • 1982

    Beyond the Cold War

    Lecture by EP Thompson before the Worcester City Guildhall seeking to define the Cold War in a contemporary context. Thompson argues that the standard dichotomous definitions of the past have become improper and the Cold War is now best defined as a developed habit supported by the material interests of each side, most importantly military and political actors. He describes the Cold War as a method for leaders to easily access the ideological regulation and social discipline needed to ensure their positions. Therefore, Thompson argues, since these leaders have a direct interest in its continuance, people, and not states, must bring about any significant change in the Cold War.

  • 1982

    The New Hungarian Peace Movement

    Pamphlet from European Nuclear Disarmament containing two articles by Hungarian activist Ferenc Koszegi detailing the rise of independent peace groups within Hungary. Koszegi describes the make-up of the groups (mostly ages 14-20 and in secondary schools, along with religious groups) and problems for their growth and effectiveness, including the potential co-option by the existing state peace council and outside manipulation. He argues that the groups should increase communication networks and open dialogue with the west in order to survive and prosper. The pamphlet also contains the transcript of a speech delivered by E.P. Thompson to an independent peace group in Budapest advocating for such peace groups and the transcending of Cold War rhetoric for the purpose of nuclear disarmament.

  • 1982

    Moscow Independent Peace Group

    Pamphlet from European Nuclear Disarmament with two first-hand accounts of a Scandinavian women’s peace march through Moscow that visited with an independent Soviet peace group. Includes details on the process and END’s internal debate on how to interact with the emerging movement, along with publications of the peace group itself, Western journalistic sources, official documents, and photographs.

  • January 02, 1982

    Untitled report from Leon Tomaszewski, Polish Ambassador in Pyongyang, describing his conversation with Kim Il Sung that took place on December 30th, 1981

    In conversation with Com. Tomaszewski, Kim Il Sung analyzed Poland's declaration of martial law.

  • January 06, 1982

    Bulgarian State Security VI Directorate Report on Agent-Operational Work toward the Clergy in 1981

  • January 08, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Possible Future Phases of Martial Law'

    Report details further steps in the martial law process. Such as alleviating military pressure when regions are sufficiently calm, improving economic conditions and increased Soviet influence.

  • January 14, 1982

    CPSU CC Politburo transcript, 14 January 1982 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev discusses Soviet talks with Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs, Czyrek. Brezhnev also informs the Politburo about the state of the PZPR, the Polish economy, the newly instituted Polish martial law, and the leadership of Jaruzelski.

  • January 14, 1982

    Letter by the Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, to the Chairman of the Military Council of the People’s Republic of Poland, Jaruzelski

    This letter is Willy Brandt's reply to Chairman Jaruzelski, giving his opinions on the recent developments of Poland. Brandt's letter states German solidarity includes all of Poland and is very important to prevent future crisis.

  • January 19, 1982

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in India to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry on Indian-Pakistani relations

    Report based on information from a Soviet ambassador on India's strategy for dealing with Pakistan. India is concerned about the military support Pakistan is receiving from the United States and China, as well as Pakistan's nuclear weapons program. India is receiving military support from the Soviet Union, modernizing its forces, and seems to be preparing for war with Pakistan.

  • January 20, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Contacts between Polish Military and Politburo Officials'

    Report tracks some correspondence between military and Politburo, compares and contrasts positions, and Soviet influence.

  • January 25, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Soviet Penetration of the Polish Military'

    Cable discusses the influence of the Soviets in the Polish military, including their seemingly unlimited access to confidential material and intelligence. It also lists important Soviet officers.