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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 13, 1973

    Note On a Meeting in the Embassy of Czechoslovakia on 5 September 1973

    This document covers the issue of North Korea's policy of balancing between China and Soviet Union.

  • September 26, 1973

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and Ismat Kittani

    Ozbudun sends Kittani a letter on political matters.

  • October 22, 1973

    Note on Conversation with Comrade Denisov, Counselor at USSR Embassy, on 12 October 1973 in the GDR Embassy

    A note on conversation covering North Korea's unification policy, a change of Kim Il Sung's personal adviser, the relationship between North Korea and Syria, and the importation of grains from Soviet Union.

  • October 30, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, SECRET, No.061487, Urgent

    Soviet officials note their dissatisfaction towards the state of relations between the USSR and the DPRK. According to the Soviets, the exchange of delegations between the two countries is at an all time low, but they expect their relationship to improve in the next year. A similar "tenuous" relationship is observed between the PRC and the DPRK.

  • October 30, 1973

    Memorandum on the Conversation between Kim Il Sung and Todor Zhivkov

    Todor Zhivkov, First Secretary of the Bulgarian Communist Party, reports on his meeting with Kim Il Sung. Zhivkov and Kim discussed global detente and the Cold War, Chinese-North Korean relations, collective security in Asia, North Korea's views of COMECON, Korean unification, and factionalism in the Korean Workers' Party.

  • October 31, 1973

    Conversation with the Ambassador of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV)

    Conversation between GDR Ambassador to the DPRK Everhartz and the DRV Ambassador Comrade Le Dong addressing the personality cult in the DPRK, changes of cadres in the DPRK, issues of the peaceful reunification of the country and the economic situation in the DPRK.

  • November 06, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to Ismat Kittani, "UNGA Prospects on the Korean Question?"

    Ozbudun sends Kittani a letter concerning the UNGA prospects on the Korean Question.

  • November 26, 1973

    Telegram from New York to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 052312

    The document describes a consensus at the UN regarding the Korean issue after an understanding was reached between Kissinger and Zhou Enlai. Thea author observes that some of the US media believes that the US came to a compromise solution with China because Nixon wanted to avoid having more political issues.

  • January 09, 1974

    Conversation between Comrade V. V. Samoilov and Comrade Stark

    Comrade Samoilov informs Second Secretary Stark about the DPRK’s foreign trade, particularly about the development of economic relations and the trade volume between the DPRK and the PRC.

  • April 04, 1974

    Report of Meeting with the Soviet Diplomat (Summary)

    Secretary Kim of the South Korean Embassy in Australia meets with the Secretary of the Soviet Embassy in Australia to discuss China, North Korea, the U.S. naval force, and the possibility of trade and cultural exchange between the Soviet Union and South Korea.

  • June, 1974

    Note from the Eighth Meeting of the Deputy Heads of the CC International Departments of Eight Parties in Ulaanbaatar devoted to the Struggle with Maoism

    Rakhmanin reports on the state of China in relation to various countries such as the U.S. and Japan (with whom he worries a "triangle" of power is forming), Romania, Korea and Albania.

  • July 18, 1974

    The Foreign Policy of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and its Position towards the Main International Matters

    The North Korea outline the direction of its foreign policy. Mainly, Pyongyang seeks to expand the number of countries that it maintains diplomatic relations with and ascend to international organizations. The DPRK hopes to replaces the 1953 armistice with a peace treaty that will facilitate the eventual unification of the Korean peninsula. The document also notes North Korea's tumultuous relationships with the communist powers. The source observes that while there have been reservations in the relationship with the USSR, ties with the PRC have continued to grow.

  • January 14, 1975

    Note from GDR Embassy in Pyongyang to Comrade Liebermann

    Everhartz summarizes remarks made by the Soviet Ambassador Gleb Aleksandrovich on Sino-DPRK relations and what the USSR ought to do to further their interests in North Korea.

  • January 28, 1975

    Note On a Conversation with USSR Embassy Counselor Comrade Pimenov on 24 January 1975 in the Soviet Embassy

    A note summarizing a conversation on the coverage of the People's Congress in China by "Rodong Sinmun" and a planned trip of Kim Il Sung to the Soviet Union.

  • April, 1975

    South Korean Report on Kim Il Sung’s Attempt to Visit the USSR in 1975

    A South Korean document discusses and speculates the purpose of Kim Il Sung's possible visit to the USSR as well as expected Soviet responses to North Korean requests.

  • April 26, 1975

    Record regarding Kim Il Sung's visit in Beijing (18-26 April 1975)

    Kim Il Sung visited in Beijing and discussed the peaceful reunification of the Korean peninsula. Although China promised a diplomatic offensive on the behalf of the DPRK, it also warned against the outbreak of a war.

  • April 29, 1975

    On the Visit of a DPRK Party and Government Delegation Headed by Kim Il Sung to the PR China from 18 to 26 April 1975

    Report of the visit by DPRK officials to the PRC. This summary addresses the PRC’s and the DPRK’s relations with each other and their individual policies towards South Korea, it examines the issue of reunification and touches on the Sino-Soviet competition.

  • May, 1975

    South Korean Telegrams on Visit to China by North Korean Leader Kim Il Sung

    The South Korean Ambassadors to Germany and the United States report to the South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Kim Il Sung's visit to Communist China and the prospects of Kim's visit to the Soviet Union. A telegram from the Ambasasdor to Japan also provides a perspective on DPRK-China relations and developments in China.

  • May 06, 1975

    Summarized Evaluation of Kim Il Sung's Visit to the PR China (18 to 26 April 1975)

    A report on the visit of Kim Il Sung to the PRC, describing Kim Il Sung’s reception and the topics discussed. These include the two countries position on the Soviet Union, the role of the “Third World” and Korean reunification.

  • May 10, 1975

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 059.156

    At a recent state visit of the DPRK delegation to the PRC, both countries look at the developments in Indochina as positive and as predicted changes to the Korean Peninsula. Beijing agrees to increase trade and economic cooperation with North Korea while promising to keep distance from Seoul.