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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • July 29, 1949

    Untitled report on Soviet activities in Lebanon

    Nicola Kinjevich builds a relationship with Alexei Zanvirov to learn secrets of his work with the Russians.

  • August 03, 1949

    Untitled report on Soviet interests in the Middle East

    The Russian Commission is showing interest in the Middle East, especially in Turkish-Syrian collaboration and American and British support for a Turkish fight against communism.

  • August 05, 1949

    Resignation Letter

    Copy of Emir Chehab's letter of resignation from the Sûreté Générale.

  • August 08, 1949

    Untitled report on a meeting of Communist parties

    A meeting of Communist Parties endorses future activities and plans to counter Turkish, Syrian, and other regional anti-communist plans.

  • August 09, 1949

    Untitled report on the Vatican and the Communist Parties of Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq

    Communists in Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq condemn the Vatican.

  • 1950

    Onset and Development of Communism

    Discusses how Communism began in Lebanon, the importance of the educators’ visit to Moscow in the 1920s, the early conception of the role of Islam in the Lebanese Communist Party, the Communist Party in Palestine and the Israeli occupation, activities of the Communist Party in France, and internal affairs/organization of the Lebanese Communist Party.

  • 1950

    First Communist Cell in Lebanon

    Discusses the early years of the Communist Movement in Lebanon, the newspaper “Humanity” (al-insaniyya). Describes links between the Communist Party in Lebanon and foreign countries as well as in the Arab world, methods of Communist Propaganda

  • 1950

    History of the Lebanese Communist Party

    Document describing the history and development of communism in Lebanon, the founding of the Lebanese Communist Party, the magazine “Humanite,” links between the LCP and foreign countries, with a separate section for Armenia. Document also discusses Egyptian communist groups in Lebanon and the relationship between communist groups in different Arab countries.

  • 1950

    The Pacifist Movement

    Document describing the origin of the Pacifist movement in Lebanon, its development in the Middle East, and mentions how the Communist Party came to be involved in the movement.

  • 1950

    Communist Movement in Lebanon

    Account of the communist movement in Lebanon's historical development, from 1919 to 1923.

  • 1950

    The Committee for the Liberation of the Arab Maghreb in Cairo

    Description of the new office of the Committee for the Liberation of the Arab Maghreb in Cairo, as well as activity in the Tunisia, Morocco, and Algeria offices, consideration of opening a Tunisian main office in Lebanon, and progress of the Tunisian and Moroccan independence movements.

  • February 01, 1950

    Ongoing Activities to Cement the Syrian-Iraqi Union

    Movement toward a Syrian-Iraqi union surge, including convening a secret conference in Baghdad and other private meetings.

  • July 05, 1950

    Attachment to the Previous Report

    President of the Lebanese Police responds to a request sent by Chehab in a previous letter. [Attachment is missing]

  • February 01, 1951

    News about Turkey: Turkish Missions

    Three Turkish missions will visit Syria in February to study Syrian history, culture, and social development. As well, Turkey has asked the U.S. to send troops to protect Syria and Lebanon.

  • July 22, 1951

    King Abdullah’s ['Abd Allāh] Assassination, Public Opinion, Statements by Communist Parliamentarians, and Former British Soldiers

    Information on King Abdullah’s assassination, including public opinion, statements by communist parliamentarians, and former British soldiers

  • August 01, 1951

    Those Accused of King Abdullah's Assassination in Jerusalem

    Information on those accused of King Abdullah's assassination in Jerusalem

  • 1952

    Untitled report on relations between Syria and Lebanon

    Syria briefly reopens its border with Lebanon, and Chehab delivers an extensive report on developments in Syrian-Lebanese relations.

  • February 01, 1952

    The Islamist and Pakistani Activities in Lebanon

    Muslims in Lebanon fear the country's changes, turning instead toward Pakistan, and plans emerge for the expansion of the Pakistani Legation and the establishment of the Islamic Caliphate.

  • February 08, 1952

    Internal Events in Iraq

    Report on Iraq, describing a danger of revolution as several opposition parties have united to make demands including the nationalization of the oil industry, stripping foreign companies of their special privileges in Iraq and changing the government to a democracy.

  • December 22, 1952

    The Situation in Syria

    The Syrian Army faces a dangerous situation, including a rising movement to stage a military-political coup.