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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 24, 1984

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Permanent Representative to NATO, 'Survey about the non-military cooperation among allies in the light of Article Two'

    Proposal drafted by the Italian Foreign Ministry for a new Declaration of Atlantic Relations focused on the non-military aspects of the Alliance. It suggests elaborating Article 2 to improve inter-ally cooperation in non-military sectors.

  • November 15, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'European cooperation in the field of armaments'

    This analysis focuses on the state of European security cooperation, discussing both common defense and coordination of military production. It criticizes the lack of unity, complexity of the current configuration, and its negative impact on transatlantic relations.

  • December 13, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council (Bruxelles, 13th-14th December, 1984). Security problems'

    Overview of the key security issues facing the Alliance in preparation for the December 1984 meeting in Brussels. The document discusses the state of Alliance, conventional and nuclear weapons, and the installment of INF in Europe, focusing on the potential for continuing East-West dialogue around disarmament.

  • December 13, 1984

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Reactivation of UEO (Ideas and factual data)'

    A brief document calling for the revival of the WEU as a means of creating a deeper and more unified European defense and security cooperation.

  • January 01, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'European participation to the Strategic Defense Initiative. Political implications'

    The report seeks to assess the possible strategic and political implications if Europe decides to join the SDI. It is difficult to predict the reaction of the Soviet Union, but ramifications for East-West relations cannot be ignored.

  • 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'UEO - Coordination of the reactions of member countries to the US invitation to take part in the SDI (and attached: Interim Report of the SDI Working Group)'

    The document consists of a report from WEU working group on SDI (in French), and a summary of the WEU member states' positions, and their common efforts to coordinate a unified reaction to the American invitation to participate in SDI.

  • January 25, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Visit of NATO's Secretary General, Lord Carrington (Rome, 11th February 1985)'

    In preparation for the visit of NATO's new Secretary General Lord Carrington, this memo addresses the theme presumably at the center of the discussions; burden-sharing. It also touches on NATO's defence system, proposition to withdraw American troops from Europe, and the position of the Eurogroup.

  • February 11, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'American space programs'

    This memo by the Italian Foreign Ministry describes the current state of U.S. space programs, and in particular, the SDI that is causing tension in US-USSR relations.

  • February 11, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO Secretary General's visit in Rome (11th February 1985). US and Soviet space programs'

    This note by the Italian Foreign Ministry provides an overview of issues to be discussed with Secretary General Lord Carrington during his visit to Rome. Of particular interest are the upcoming Geneva negotiations between the USSR and the US regarding SDI .

  • June 06, 1985

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'State of the Alliance'

    After the installation of INF in Western Europe, NATO's focus has returned to the issue of burden sharing. The US has demonstrated its dissatisfaction with the European contribution, and pressure to strengthen European defense is mounting.

  • June 06, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Security and disarmament'

    A detailed account of the developments in the Strategic Defense Initiative, ABM treaty, and negotiations between the superpowers. The document also assesses the ongoing negotiations on the ban of Chemical Weapons.

  • June 06, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Cooperation in the field of production of armaments (CNAD and IEPG)'

    Description of the current state of transatlantic cooperation in production and procurement of armaments. The US wants to give new impetus to high level talks, but Italians would prefer re-launching WEU to avoid France, UK, and Germany dominating the European side.

  • August 27, 1985

    Memorandum by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Minister Andreotti, 'Meeting at the Ministry of Defense with General Abrahamson'

    This memo from the meeting between Vice Minister of Defense Olcese and General Abrahamson discusses the developments of the SDI and the potential Italian participation in the technological aspects of the initiative. The memo concludes that Italian government has yet to make a decision regarding its participation in the research phase.

  • October 15, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Geneva negotiations - New Soviet proposals. An assessment'

    A detailed evaluation of Soviet negotiation position vis-à-vis USA and Europe suggests that Moscow's willingness to agree on reductions and limitations does not meet Western needs. Gorbachev's doctrine seems to be in line with his predecessors, although increasing attention has been directed at Europe.

  • October 15, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Statement by Ambassador Nitze to the Atlantic Council about recent developments of the Geneva negotiation'

    Nitze's brief commentary on the developments in the recent negotiations with the USSR regarding arms reductions.

  • October 21, 1985

    Memorandum by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Eureka - Meeting of High Officials in Bonn (16th-17th October 1985)'

    This summary from the final preparatory meeting describes the differences in opinion between France and Germany on the one hand and Italy on the other in reference to EUREKA. It also lists the key points for the upcoming ministerial conference in Hannover.

  • October 24, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Legal status of the Sigonella base'

    This short memo discusses the legal framework around the use of Sigonella airbase during the Achille Lauro incident concluding that the landing had not been granted the required authorization by Italians.

  • October 29, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Eureka - "Declaration of principles" about Eureka. Comments'

    The Italian assessment of the draft "Declaration of Principles" on EUREKA, which will be submitted to the Ministerial Conference in Hanover. This document outlines the Italian position pointing out various weaknesses in the current draft and proposes necessary changes.

  • November 05, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the General Director, 'IEPG (European Independent Planning Group) and CNAD (Conference of Nationals Directors of Armaments) of NATO'

    Analysis about the state of transatlantic relations with a focus on transatlantic dialogue and technology transfer. The document strongly criticizes a hegemonic approach of the US administration in its relationship with Europe.

  • December 12, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'FNI negotiations - Assessments of the American negotiator, Ambassador Glitman'

    A brief report by US Ambassador Glitman regarding the INF negotiations with the USSR. There is an increased willingness to negotiate, and the parties have come closer in some aspects, but major differences still persist.