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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 02, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai notifies Ambassador Ni Zhiliang about the estimated arrival of Pak Il-u and advises Kim Il Sung to order the troops that were cut off by the opposing side and have no way to retreat to persist in guerrilla actions where they are.

  • October 03, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from Roshchin in Beijing to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram to Stalin from the Soviet Army General Staff on combats with the US.

  • October 05, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions to pay attention to the northern advance of the South Korean army and the retreat of the North Korean army, and to collect information on the 12th Division's occupation of Wonju. He also notes Pak Il U's return to North Korea.

  • October 13, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Roshchin to Filippov (Stalin)

    Message to Stalin from Roshchin relaying the rationale for Mao's reversal of his earlier hesitance to send Chinese troops to the aid of the North Koreans. General plans for the deployment are stated as well as a request for arms on credit from the Soviet Union.

  • October 14, 1950

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Stalin

    Zhou Enlai requests military equipment and support for Chinese operations from the Soviet side, and asks for instructions on solving the issue of command relationships between the North Korean, Chinese, and Soviet forces.

  • November 08, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu, Peng Dehuai, and Gao Gang

    Zhou Enlai attempts to arrange a meeting between Kim Il Sung and two Chinese leaders, Peng Dehuai and Gao Gang, to discuss military operations and arrangements.

  • December 08, 1950

    Draft Agreement by the Party Central Committee on Establishing a Sino-North Korea Joint Headquarters

    The agreement establishes a Joint Headquarters between the Chinese and North Korean sides that will command the North Korean People's Army, the Chinese People's Volunteer Army, and all guerrilla forces, and details the leadership and specific powers and operations of the Joint Headquarters.

  • January 27, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to I.V. Stalin, Conveying the 19 January 1951 Telegram from Peng Dehuai to Mao Zedong regarding Meetings with Kim Il Sung

    The telegram from Peng Dehuai discusses the results of a meeting with Kim Il Sung, including Kim Il Sung’s belief that the Korean People’s Army cannot defeat the Americans alone, the defense of the Korea's coast, the re-staffing of five corps, and preparations for soldiers to carry out work in the newly liberated areas.

  • January 29, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to I.V. Stalin, conveying 28 January 1951 telegram from Mao Zedong to Peng Dehuai

    A forward to Stalin of a message sent earlier by Mao to Peng Dehuai. It outlines operational plans for the PLA and KPA in and around Seoul and talks about the need to gain an advantageous military position with negotiations in mind.

  • January 30, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao acknowledging receipt of his latest telegram on KPA and PLA operational plans.

  • January 30, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via Zakharov

    Passing on a copy of Stalin's telegram to Razuvaev from the same day concerning the organization and hierarchies of the Korean army.

  • January 30, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Stalin to Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK Razuvaev with message for Kim Il Sung

    Telegram instructing Ambassador Razuvaev to discuss with Kim Il Sung details for reorganizing the KPA administrative and command structure.

  • June 30, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram from Mao to Stalin confirming that the PLA will enact the reorganizations proposed by Stalin. Mao also talks about several considerations regarding the American proposal for armistice negotiations.

  • July 03, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) conveying 2 July 1951 telegram from Mao to Peng Dehuai, Gao Gang, and Kim Il Sung

    The included telegram from Mao to Peng, Gao, and Kim gives Mao’s military instructions for the upcoming peace negotiations.

  • July 03, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Mao Zedong writes Stalin on the Chinese position for a ceasefire in the Korean War which the Chinese side will propose at an upcoming meeting with the UN negotiators. Mao asks Stalin for his opinion on the Chinese position.

  • August 13, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Stalin conveying 12 August 1951 telegram from Li Kenong to Mao re: Armistice Talks.

    Telegram from Mao to Stalin relaying the assessment of Li Kenong of the state of the ongoing armistice talks. He states that the US is unwilling the accept the 38th parallel as the demaracation line and that given the state of North Korean forces, they should consider make concessions to American demands in this regard in the interests of ceasing hostilities.

  • September 08, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Mao asks for more Soviet advisers for Chinese troops in Korea.

  • November 14, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Mao writes to Stalin of the ongoing armistice negotiations concerning Korea, specifically the proposed demarcation line (38th parallel). Mao also writes about monitoring, the exchange of prisoners of war, and economic considerations within China.

  • January 31, 1952

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Mao asks Stalin advice and instructions concerning issues raised during negotiations, particularly the establishment of a monitoring organ comprised of officials from neutral countries.

  • February 08, 1952

    Ciphered Telegram No. 16293 from Mao Zedong to Stalin, conveying 22 January 1952 telegram from Peng Dehuai to Mao and 4 February 1952 reply from Mao to Peng Dehuai

    Mao conveys two telegrams to Stalin: one from Peng Dehuai to Mao (22 January 1952) and the other is Mao’s response (4 February 1952). The telegrams discuss North Korea’s need for aid from China.