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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 05, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘Soviet Suppression of Student Demonstrations’

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports on the "barbaric actions" of Soviet police, who injured and arrested students from China and Vietnam, among other countries.

  • March 05, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'On the Request for Instructions/Approval concerning the Soviet Military and Police's Crackdown on Anti-US Demonstrators and the Arrests and Injuring of Overseas Chinese Students'

    The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs considers how to respond to the Soviet suppression of student demonstrations in Moscow.

  • March 05, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Qiao Guanhua and the DPRK Ambassador to China Pak Se-chang

    A conversation between Qiao Guanhua and the DPRK Ambassador to China Pak Se-chang on Premier Kim Il Sung’s visit to Indonesia and Alexei Kosygin’s visit to Korea.

  • March 06, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘On the Number of Vietnamese Students Injured’

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow suggests that a discrepancy exists in the number of Vietnamese students injured offered by the Vietnamese embassy and the number actually hurt in the Moscow protests.

  • March 08, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘The Vietnamese Report They Have Issued a Non-Public Protest to the Soviets’

    The Chinese Embassy in Hanoi reports that the Vietnamese government has made an approach to the Soviet Union following the suppression of student protests in Moscow.

  • March 08, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘The Situation of the Responses from Vietnamese Students’

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports on the effectiveness of China's broadcasting messages in Russian.

  • March 08, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘The Vietnamese Embassy’s Handling of the Soviet Suppression of Students’

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports on how the Vietnamese government and students plan to deal with the Soviet Union's suppression of student protests in Moscow.

  • March 09, 1965

    Information on Some Aspects of Japanese-South Korean Negotiations

    The GDR Embassy in DPRK reports to the SED Central Committee on its evaluation of North Korean attitudes toward Japanese-South Korean negotiations.

  • March 10, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Response to the Soviet Inciting of Sino-Vietnamese Relations’

    A Vietnamese student insists that students from China and elsewhere instigated the violent turn in the protests in Moscow.

  • March 10, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘Vietnamese Students' Responses to Soviet Police Suppression of the Protest Rally’

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports that Vietnamese students have become more critical of the Soviet Union following the protests in Moscow.

  • March 10, 1965

    Note by Head of MD Cabinet on British Project

    Analysis of British ANF proposal and military considerations regarding defense of the European operational theater. The paper stresses that the proposal overlooks the issue, as it advances the idea of a strategic nuclear force external to Europe. Finally, it outlines criteria for organizing an Atlantic nuclear force which might better fit european military problems.

  • March 10, 1965

    Record of Conversation between the Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union Pan Zili and the North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union Kim Byeong-jik

    A conversation between the Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union Pan Zili and the North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union Kim Byeong-jik on Asian-African-Latin American student protest against the United States in Moscow on 4 March. North Korea supported the positions of Vietnamese and Chinese governments. Both China and North Korea demanded that United States must withdraw from the territory of Vietnam and stop the provocations against North Vietnam.

  • March 11, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘Situation of the Talks during the Vietnamese Ambassador’s Visit to Ambassador Pan’

    The Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union reports on the Soviet-Vietnamese talks regarding the injuring of Vietnamese students during a protest in Moscow.

  • March 12, 1965

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Alessandrini

    The report examines the evolution of the Atlantic Alliance and the uncertainty of the current phase, which consists of forces not always appropriate to its cohesion. Alessandrini analyzes both the transformations in the international context and those inside NATO, the issue of political, economic and military consultation, the debate about the multilateral force and ANF. The conclusion underlines - despite all the current problems - the positive results of the history of NATO, an alliance that represents to date not only the deterrence against possible Soviet threats, but also the most important interlocutor in an eventual East-West dialogue.

  • March 13, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘The Vietnamese Attaché on the Meeting between the Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister’s Meeting with the Vietnamese Ambassador’

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports on a conversation between the Vietnamese embassy and Soviet Vice Foreign Minister Firiubin following the anti-American protests in Moscow held by Vietnamese and Chinese students.

  • March 14, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ‘The Situation of the Talks with the Chairman of the Vietnamese Student Association’

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports that Vietnamese students are indignant at the position of the Soviet Union toward the anti-American protests held by Vietnamese and Chinese in early March.

  • March 15, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Bulgaria, 'Bulgaria’s New Direction after the Meeting in March'

    The Chinese Embassy in Bulgaria reports that Bulgaria is following the "anti-Chinese" line of the Soviet Union.

  • March 16, 1965

    Vice Premier Lu Dingyi Receives Five Members of a Friendship Delegation from the Syrian Arab Republic including Culture and National Guidance Minister Sulaiman al-Keiche

  • March 18, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Higher Education, ‘On the Problem of Internships for Students Studying Abroad'

    The Chinese Embassy reports that internships for Chinese students in the Soviet Union are being cut short in the aftermath of the protests in front of the American embassy in Moscow.

  • March 20, 1965

    Minutes of Conversation between Cuban Defense Minister Raúl Castro and Polish Leader Władysław Gomułka, Warsaw, 20 March 1965

    During his visit in Poland, Castro relates Cuba's position on a conversation taken place in Moscow and why it may be of interest to the Cubans. Gomulka raises the issue of the missiles. In Gomulka's opinion two factors were decisive: contradictions which arose within the socialist camp and the policy which was conducted by Khrushchev. Gomulka is assured that US is capable of conducting a war with Cuba by way of conventional weapons, it does not have to use nuclear weapons. It is clear that the socialist camp and the USSR cannot defend Cuba in any other way but by using nuclear weapons. If a conflict is meant to be, then it will be a nuclear conflict, there is no other way. Gomulka further raises a question whether to go into a nuclear war or not. Castro disagrees with a manner nuclear weapons were withdrawn from Cuba by Soviets. Khruchshev explained that he did not have time. Per Gomulka, Khrushchev conducted a policy which was not thought-out and which was all-out. Gomulka further discusses his talks with Chinese and Vietnamese comrades re: nuclear weapons issue.