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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 23, 1952

    Meeting Minutes between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai and Indian Commissioner T.N. Kaul

    Zhang Hanfu and Kaul discuss the Tibet issue as well as prisoners of war from the Korean War.

  • August 20, 1952

    Minutes of Conversation between I.V. Stalin and Zhou Enlai

    Conversation between Stalin and Zhou Enlai concerning the extension of the Port Arthur agreement, the construction of a Sino-Mongolian railroad to the Soviet Union, and the situation in Korea. On the issue of Korea, they discussed sending arms shipments to China and Chinese arms production; the possibility of a Chinese offensive in Korea; and the return of POWs. Stalin reaffirmed his commitment to assisting China in the war in Korea.

  • September 17, 1952

    Hand-delivered letter, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

    Letter from Stalin to Mao stating the position the USSR will take regarding the Mexican UN proposal, and stating his agreement with Mao regarding the issues of POW repatriation and diplomatic exchanges with India and Burma.

  • December 27, 1952

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao Zedong

    Stalin agrees to send ammunitions to Mao in preparation for a US attack.

  • March 04, 1953

    Report, Legation of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Detailed report from Minister Károly Pásztor on his meeting with Kim Il Sung on 17 February 1953.

  • March 14, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Razuvaev to Kim Il Sung and Peng Dehuai

    Telegram from Razuvaev discussing POWs and what precedents established at the Geneva Conference must be met. Razuvaev also asks whether their side is ready for immediate repatriation of seriously ill and seriously wounded prisoners of UN troops.

  • March 19, 1953

    Resolution, USSR Council of Ministers with draft letters from Soviet Government to Mao Zedong and Kim Il Sung and directive to Soviet delegation at United Nations

    A resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers which states the coordination that will need to take place between the Soviets and Chinese at the UN regarding the question of POW's. It then suggests that this should be used as a lead-in to introduce resolutions on the resolution of the Korean conflict. Corresponding letters, directed to Mao and Kim Il Sung, and the Soviet delegation to the UN are attached.

  • March 25, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Molotov with a Message to Kim Il Sung

    Telegram informing Kim Il Sung that the French government contacted the Soviet government and asked for help in facilitating the release of 14 French citizens (specified) from the DPRK authorities, and to give an exact idea of the fates of those citizens (specified) on which the French authorities have received no information since the beginning of the war in Korea.

  • May 23, 1953

    Letter by United Nations Commander Mark W. Clark to the Joint Chiefs of Staff on Solving the Prisoner of War Issue

    General Clark relays to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff the terms of the United Nations proposal to repatriate prisoners of war captured during the conflict in Korea. The agreement grants prisoners the right to refuse to be repatriated.

  • May 28, 1953

    Record of Molotov's Conversation with US Ambassador Bohlen

    Molotov and Bohlen discussed the US government's recent proposal to the Delegation of the United Nations.

  • June 03, 1953

    Record of Molotov's Conversation with US Ambassador Bohlen

    A follow-up conversation after the one on the 28th of May. The two discuss the talks that were taking place in Panmunjom, and Bohlen mentions the American men with Soviet wives currently residing in the Soviet Union. Molotov is unaware of this situation.

  • June 25, 1953

    Summary of Discussion at the 151st Meeting of the National Security Council

    American response to East German protests, plans of action toward the Soviet Union, question of defectors from socialist countries, implementation of passive and active resistance in socialist countries.

  • July 20, 1953

    CPSU Central Committee Decision

    Decision to charge Molotov with answering our Korean friends on the issue, taking into account the exchange of views at the meeting of the Presidium of the Central Committee.

  • August 07, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Suzdalev

    The DPRK would request of the USSR to help in the restoration of almost completely destroyed industrial enterprises (list of them given). Suzdalev notes that it would be good to invite Kim Il Sung and his associates to discuss these issues.

  • September 01, 1953

    CPSU Central Committee Decision

    Kuznetsov (Soviet ambassador to China) should be informed of the outcome of the United Nations political conference on Korea, at the request of the Government of the People's Republic of China.

  • January 15, 1954

    Report, Legation of the Hungarian People’s Republic in Beijing to the Foreign Ministry of Hungary

    Report from the Hungarian Chargé d’Affaires in Beijing which talks about the dispute between China, North Korea and the US over POW's. The report also speculates on the reason for India's position on this issue.

  • February 26, 1954

    Cable from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee to CCP Central Committee, via Comrade Yudin

    Comrade Pavel Yudin asks the CCP to inform Comrade Ho Chi Minh that the discussion at the upcoming conference in Geneva will include the Korea question and restoring peace in Indochina.

  • March 02, 1954

    'Preliminary Opinions on the Assessment of and Preparation for the Geneva Conference,' Prepared by the PRC Ministry of Foreign Affairs (drafted by PRC Premier and Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai) [Excerpt]

    Zhou discusses the need to make agreements at the Geneva conference in order to open a path for discussion and negotiation with the west. Zhou notes that because the US, France and Britain are not united in their opinions, the CCP must hold fast to their positions on the peaceful unification of Korea, and of peace in Indochina. Finally, Zhou suggests that the CCP prepare to discuss issues of trade, relaxing international tensions, and breaking the US embargo, although these issues are not on the agenda.

  • March 06, 1954

    From the Journal of Molotov: Secret Memorandum of Conversation between Molotov and PRC Ambassador Zhang Wentian

    Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov and PRC Ambassador to the USSR Zhang Wentian discuss their respective views on the situations in Korea and Vietnam in preparation for the upcoming Geneva Conference.

  • March 12, 1954

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Károly Pásztor, Hungarian envoy to the DPRK, regarding a conversation he had with Soviet Ambassador Suzdalev. He discusses the difficulties which would be involved in achieving Korean unification.