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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 20, 1958

    Note from G. Dobashin, Consul-General of the USSR in Ürümchi, to Comrades N.T. Fedorenko, Zimianin, and P.F. Iudin

    G. Dobashin summarizes recent talks with leading officials in Xinjiang, including Wang Enmao, S. Äzizov, and Xin Lanting, about the Party Plenum in Xinjiang. Full versions of the conversations are attached to the file.

  • January 22, 1958

    Memorandum on a Discussion with Wang Huangzhang, Head of the Foreign Affairs Office of the Prefectural People's Committee

    Wang Huangzhang reports on "local nationalism" in Xinjiang and poor agricultural conditions in the region.

  • February 05, 1958

    Iu. Andropov to the Central Committee of the CPSU, 'On the Struggle with Local Nationalism in China'

    Iu. Andropov of the Liaison Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU describes Chinese Communist Party meetings in Xinjiang and "local nationalism" in China's far northwest.

  • February 10, 1958

    Note, M. Zimianin to the Central Committee of the CPSU and to Comrade Iu. V. Andropov

    A cover sheet for a memorandum of conversation between Soviet diplomats and leading officials in Xinjiang.

  • March 03, 1958

    M. Zimianin to the Central Committee of the CPSU and to Comrade Iu. V. Andropov, 'On Manifestations of Local Nationalism in Xinjiang (PRC)'

    During party meetings in Xinjiang, some individuals advocated for the creation of an independent Uyghur republic.

  • August 18, 1958

    M. Zimianin to the Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU and to Comrade Iu. V. Andropov

    E. I. Shalunov meets with the Chief of the Education Department of the People’s Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Comrade Zakirov, to discuss criticisms against other local leaders in XUAR and recent Party meetings.

  • April 24, 1962

    Memorandum Given to Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu by the Soviet Ambassador (Translation)

    The Soviet Union states that, as of April 24, at least 10,000 individuals from Xinjiang have crossed into the USSR.

  • April 24, 1962

    Memorandum Given to the Soviet Ambassador by Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry protests the cross border flight from Xinjiang.

  • April 26, 1962

    Reporting the Contents of Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu’s Discussion with the Soviet Ambassador on 24 April 1962

    The Foreign Ministry alerts the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Department and Party Committee of ongoing talks with the Soviet Union.

  • April 27, 1962

    Cable from Mao Zedong to Zhou Enlai, 'Comments on Whether or Not Säypiddin Äzizi should Return to Xinjiang for Work'

    Mao instructs Zhou to determine whether long-time Uyghur official, Saypiddin Azizi, can return to Xinjiang in the wake of the Yi-Ta Incident.

  • April 29, 1962

    Cable from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Department

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry requests that Xu Huang gather evidence against the Soviet Union.

  • April 29, 1962

    Response to the Soviet Side’s Memorandum of 29 April on the Mass Exodus of Xinjiang Chinese Residents to the Soviet Union

    The Chinese Government rejects the Soviet position on the flight of 60,000 Uyghurs and Kazakhs from Xinjiang to the USSR.

  • April 30, 1962

    The Soviet Document which the Soviet Ambassador Personally Presented to Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu (Translation)

    A Soviet account, presented to the Chinese Foreign Ministry of the cross border exodus in Xinjiang.

  • May 13, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'On Ceasing to Process Applications to Visit to Xinjiang from Soviet People'

    The Chinese Government forbids citizens in Xinjiang from traveling to the Soviet Union.

  • May 18, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry and Public Security Ministry, 'The Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security Send a Work Team to Xinjiang to Collect Materials'

    The Chinese Government is collecting evidence against the Soviet Union in light of the Yi-Ta incident.

  • June, 1962

    Report on the Collection of Evidence

    A report on the work of the Chinese Foreign Ministry and Public Security Ministry in collecting evidence of Soviet wrongdoing in Xinjiang.

  • June 08, 1962

    Memorandum Submitted by the Ambassador of the Soviet Union to Zhang Hanfu on 8 June 1962

    The Soviet Government presents its views on developments along the Xinjiang-USSR border.

  • June 14, 1962

    Reply from the State Council on Additional Allocations of Commodities for Xinjiang

    The State Council increases rations for ethnic minorities in Xinjiang in the wake of the Yi-Ta incident.

  • August 03, 1962

    Yili District Party Committee, 'Outline of the Investigation on Several Issues in Pastoral Area Work'

  • August 15, 1962

    Orders from the People’s Committee of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and the Party Committee of the Autonomous Region’s Propaganda Points