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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 23, 1964

    Cable from Li Qingquan, 'Talks with Beaumarchais about the Issue of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between China and France'

    Li Qingquan and and Beaumarchais discuss the issue of "two China's" in the normalization of relations between China and France.

  • March 05, 1964

    Note number 150, 'Visit of M. Ho Ying'

    Henri de Bourdeille reports on his meeting with the Chinese Ambassador following the establishment of relations between France and China.

  • June 17, 1964

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou and Second Vice President Rashidi Kawawa

    Zhou Enlai and Kawawa discuss the diplomatic competition between Taiwan and the PRC, political conditions in Tanzania and Zanzibar, and plans for the Second Asian-African Conference.

  • August 20, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Kim and the Chinese Friendship Delegation

    Kim Il Sung and the Chinese Friendship Delegation discuss agriculture issues in China and North Korea, the war in Vietnam, and confrontation with the United States.

  • June 03, 1969

    Telegram from Aurel Duma to Corneliu Manescu Concerning the Information Passed to Chinese Foreign Ministry Regarding the Organization of the 10th Romanian Communist Party Congress and the Intention of Certain American Senators to Visit China

    Telegram from Aurel Duma to Corneliu Manescu regarding the former's meeting with Qiao Guanhua. He presented Guanhua with the decisions of the 10th RCP Congress and later they discuss Taiwan, specifically the United State's military presence in the Taiwan Straits. Additionally, Guanhua notes that, like the United States, the USSR seems to support the Two Chinas idea.

  • September 30, 1969

    Letter no. 428 from Franco Maria Malfatti to Aldo Moro

    Malfatti reports his observations of the Chinese ambassador, who displayed a strong position against the Soviet Union and Taiwan.

  • December 05, 1969

    Note on the Conversation between the Honourable Minister and the Canadian Minister for Foreign Affairs Sharp, at NATO in Brussels

    Mitchell Sharp and Aldo Moro coordinate Canadian and Italian policies towards China and Taiwan.

  • April 24, 1970

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Joint Communique between DPRK and PRC

    The joint communique issued by the governments of the DPRK and PRC stressed the strengthening alliance between the two countries, the U.S. as the main agressor, the hope for reunification of the Koreas and Chinas, and the condemnation of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.

  • November 03, 1970

    Letter from President Giuseppe Saragat to Aldo Moro

    President Saragat discusses the dilemma between recognizing mainland China and respecting the sovereignty of Taiwan.

  • November 28, 1970

    Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Italian Republic and the People’s Republic of China

    Italy establishes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.

  • March 21, 1972

    Memorandum of Conversation between Chairman Mao Zedong and President Richard Nixon

    Mao Zedong and Richard Nixon focus on "philosophic problems" in relations between China and the United States during their first meeting.

  • March 22, 1972

    Memorandum of Conversation between Richard Nixon and Zhou Enlai

  • February 27, 1972

    Joint Communique between the United States and China

    The United States and China pledge to improve relations with one another in the famous "Shanghai Communique."

  • September, 1972

    Tacit Agreement between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of Japan

    Ohira Masayoshi met with Ji Pengfei and agreed upon tacit agreement which starts with "Taiwan is the territory of the People's Republic of China."

  • September, 1972

    Joint Declaration between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of Japan

    Ohira Masayosh and Ji Penfei agreed on the joint declaration between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of Japan.

  • September, 1972

    Joint Declaration between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of Japan (Draft)

    The Chinese government and the Japanese government agreed upon a draft of joint declaration, including a state of war between Chian and Japan and an international status of Taiwan.

  • September, 1972

    Explanation for China regarding the Japanese Delegation’s Proposal for the Japan-China Joint Declaration

    Treaties Bureau Chief Takashima explained the Japanese delegation's proposal which includes the issue of the end to the state of war and Taiwan to China.

  • September 25, 1972

    Record of the First Meeting between Prime Minister Tanaka and Premier Zhou Enlai

    Tanaka Kakuei and Zhou Enlai had a conversation over the reasons for delay in diplomatic normalization, including the Japan-Taiwan relationship and the Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty.

  • September 26, 1972

    Record of Second Meeting between Foreign Minister Ohira and Foreign Minister Ji Pengfei

    Ohira Masayoushi and Ji Pengfei had a conversation over the main body of the joint declaration, especially for the Three Principles in the preamble.

  • September 28, 1972

    Record of the Fourth Meeting between Prime Minister Tanaka and Premier Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai met with Tanaka Kakuei, the Japanese Prime Minister and shared opinions regarding the diplomatic normalization. Zhou claimed that "it is unlikely for us to liberate Taiwan by force."