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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 14, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 14 November 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 14 November 1989 describes the latest developments in East Germany, the Soviet Union, El Salvador, Palestine, Israel, France, Bulgaria, Sri Lanka, Panama and Brazil.

  • November 15, 1989

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (fragment)

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (fragment) regarding the plenum of the CC of the CPB to decide organizational matters

  • November 16, 1989

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic Council - Soviet foreign policy'

    Brief overview of the debate among NATO states regarding the drastic changes in Soviet foreign policy and their effects on European security and the alliance.

  • November 16, 1989

    Transcript of the Plenum Session of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party

    Transcript of the Plenum Session of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party regarding dismissals from government posts, changes in the Communist party structure and criticism of Todor Zhivkov

  • November 17, 1989

    CPSU CC Memo, excerpt from Protocol #172/1, 17 November 1989

    Concerns further Soviet relations with Ethiopia.

  • November 17, 1989

    Memorandum, Richard Carter, South African Department of Foreign Affairs, 'Main Points Arising from Luncheon on 14 November 1989' with Atomic Energy Corporation (AEC)

    A memorandum outlining AEC and Armscor arguments regarding nuclear weapons development and NPT accession. Includes discussion of implications should the African National Congress gain power in government, decontamination of enrichment sites and degradation of previously enriched materials.

  • November 17, 1989

    Letter, Richard Carter to Herbert Beukes

    Richard Carter writes to the US Ambassador to South Africa proposing that South Africa "come clean" about its nuclear program.

  • November 17, 1989

    Memorandum, 'Main Points Arising from Luncheon on 14 November 1989'

  • November 18, 1989

    CPSU CC Protocol #172/9, 18 November 1989

    This protocol (dated 19 October 1989) deals with additional measures in the information sphere (telecommunications, etc.)

  • November 18, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    The US embassy in Prague reports on the brutal suppression of the Czech students' demonstration.

  • November 18, 1989

    Romania: The Bloc's Last Holdout

    An analysis of Ceausescu's firm grip on Romania and his almost-certain reelection.

  • November 18, 1989

    Romania: Draconian Economic Policies

    An analysis of Ceausescu's economic austerity and his continued efforts to reinvigorate the economy through consumer spending.

  • November 18, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding plans for formulation of a new constitution and the reorganization of the party structure in Bulgaria, including an active role for parliament and an investigation of the use of funds by Todor Zhivkov’s family

  • November 18, 1989

    Excerpt from Protocol No. 182 of the Meeting of the Politburo CC CPSU, 'On Additional Measures in the Informational Sphere'

    Proposal recommending increased openness, freedom of speech, and the end of restrictions on the press in the Soviet Union, including the free distribution of foreign media.

  • November 19, 1989

    Teleprint from CC CPCz to First Secretary CC CPCz and Secretaries of Regional and District Committees

    Following an anti-government protest in Prague, information has been reported on plans for another general strike in the CSSR on 27 November.

  • November 19, 1989

    Proclamation on the Establishment of Civic Forum 19 November 1989

    The Czech Civic Forum declares its purpose for existence and addresses its primary demands for reform which should be promptly negotiated with the government.

  • November 20, 1989

    The Civic Forum’s Exposition of its Position in Public Life with a Call for Nonviolence, Tolerance and Dialogue, Prague

    The Civic Forum’s Exposition of its Position in Public Life with a Call for Nonviolence, Tolerance and Dialogue, Prague

  • November 20, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reports on an American woman's account of the November 17 demonstrations and the death of a Czech student.

  • November 20, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reporting on the establishment of a new organization for Czech independents, the "Civic Forum," and the publication of a list of demands.

  • November 20, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reporting on contradictions in the Czechoslovak press coverage of the demonstrations' aftermath.