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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • September 17, 1952

    Hand-delivered letter, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

    Letter from Stalin to Mao stating the position the USSR will take regarding the Mexican UN proposal, and stating his agreement with Mao regarding the issues of POW repatriation and diplomatic exchanges with India and Burma.

  • December 17, 1952

    Ciphered Telegram from Mao Zedong to Semenov [Stalin]

    An application for military goods for 1953, a request for urgently needed military goods, and an application for materials for military production.

  • December 27, 1952

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao Zedong

    Stalin agrees to send ammunitions to Mao in preparation for a US attack.

  • January 29, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Mao Zedong to Semenov [Stalin]

    Mao requests from the Soviet government 3,000 tons ammonal, 24 million blasting caps, and 9.6 million meters of safety fuse. He asks that these things be supplied February-March, in two parts.

  • March 19, 1953

    Resolution, USSR Council of Ministers with draft letters from Soviet Government to Mao Zedong and Kim Il Sung and directive to Soviet delegation at United Nations

    A resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers which states the coordination that will need to take place between the Soviets and Chinese at the UN regarding the question of POW's. It then suggests that this should be used as a lead-in to introduce resolutions on the resolution of the Korean conflict. Corresponding letters, directed to Mao and Kim Il Sung, and the Soviet delegation to the UN are attached.

  • November 08, 1953

    Cable from Mao Zedong to Kim Il Sung, 'Plans to Publicize the Confessions of Americans Prisoners of War on Germ Warfare'

    Mao Zedong explains to Kim Il Sung China's plan to issue a communique regarding germ warfare.

  • November 23, 1953

    Mao Zedong’s Remarks at the Banquet for the North Korean Government Delegation

    Mao Zedong discusses the significance of the signing of the Sino-North Korean Economic and Cultural Cooperation Agreement at a banquet for a North Korean government delegation. Dismissing that China's aid to North Korea is one-sided, Mao notes that North Korea "helped" China by being in the front line of the struggle against imperialism. North Korea protected China by preventing the imperialists from crossing the Yale River.

  • February 23, 1954

    From the Journal of Ambassador Pavel Yudin: Record of Conversation with Mao Zedong, 4 January 1954

    A memorandum of conversation between Mao Zedong and Pavel Yudin. Yudin informs Mao about the Soviet "uncovering" of Lavrentii Beria's espionage. Mao thanks for the information and notes that it will be highly useful for China. He hints that the political atmosphere in the CCP had been "unhealthy" as some people have tried to use others' mistakes to undermine their reputation. In this connection, Mao refers to Zhang Guotao as a Guomindang spy, and also speculates that Wang Ming may have been recruited by the Guomindang as early as 1930.

  • February 25, 1954

    Excerpt of Mao Zedong's Edits to the Outline of Zhou Enlai's Speech

    Mao Zedong reviews a speech by Zhou Enlai on the Gao Gang Affair.

  • February 28, 1954

    Letter from Mao Zedong to Comrade Liu Shaoqi and the Secretariat

    Mao Zedong approves Hu Qiaomu and Chen Boda's revisions to Zhou Enlai's speech on the Gao Gang Affair.

  • March 31, 1954

    From the Journal of Ambassador Pavel Yudin: Memorandum of Conversation with Mao Zedong, 26 March 1954

    Chairman Mao and Soviet Ambassador Pavel Yudin discuss the "Gao Gang affair." Mao recounts Gao Gang's scheming within the ranks of the CCP, and how he tried to use Mao's name to attack Liu Shaoqi and Zhou Enlai.

  • April 17, 1954

    Telegram, Mao Zedong to Huang Kecheng and Su Yu

    Telegram in which Mao Zedong instructs Huang Kecheng and Su Yu on how to proceed if an armistice is reached in Vietnam.

  • April 28, 1954

    Telegram, Mao Zedong to Peng Dehuai and Huang Kecheng

    Mao Zedong writes to comrades Peng Dehuai and Huan Kecheng informing them of the dangers that face the communists in Vietnam. There is a risk of enemy movement near the transportation line in the rear area which could force troops out of Dien Bien Phu.

  • May 17, 1954

    Report of András Szobek to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry About His Meeting With Mao Zedong on 20 April 1954

    Szobek reports on a meeting with Mao Zedong in which they discussed developments in Hungary.

  • July 05, 1954

    From the Journal of V. V. Vaskov, 27 August 1954: Top Secret Memorandum of Conversation with Comrade Mao Zedong on 5 July 1954

    Soviet Charge d’Affaires in Beijing V.V. Vaskov and Comrade Mao Zedong discuss the Soviet plans to take advantage of the changing situation in France. Mao mentions that Zhou is meeting with Ho Chi Ming and Vo Nguyen Giap in Guanxi and won't be able to come to Geneva until July 12-13. The topic of conversation then shifts to the US and a recent meeting between US President Eisenhower and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Mao notes that there is a diverge between Eisenhower and Churchill regarding the desirability of a dialogue with the Communists. Mao says that the US has dispersed its forces far and wide, so they are trying to resurrect West Germany and Japan.

  • October 19, 1954

    Minutes of Chairman Mao Zedong’s First Meeting with Nehru

    Mao Zedong and Nehru discuss Sino-Indian relations, the political situation in Asia, and the role of the United States in world politics.

  • October 21, 1954

    Minutes of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Conversation with Nehru at the Banquet Hosted by the Indian Ambassador

    Mao Zedong and Nehru talked about mutual cooperation and the Tibetan issue. Mao stated that cooperation has to be mutually beneficial. He then promised a small number of troops to guard Tibet, and Ambassador Raghavan replied that India trusts China on the Tibet issue.

  • October 23, 1954

    Minutes of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Second Meeting with Nehru

    Mao and Nehru have an extensive discussion about global affairs, the legacy of World War II, and the likelihood of another world war.

  • October 26, 1954

    Minutes of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Third Meeting with Nehru

    Om the final day of Nehru's visit, he and Mao discuss Soviet technical assistance and relations with Burma.

  • November 14, 1954

    Jawaharlal Nehru, 'Note on Visit to China and Indo-China'

    Nehru gives a detailed report on his visit to China and Indo-China. He first gives a summary of the issues and topics he covered in discussions in China with Zhou En-Lai and Mao, which covered a broad range of subjects including China's Five Year Plan, and various foreign policy issues. Nehru then describes his visit to Indochina, where he speaks with Ho Chi Minh (five days after he takes control of Hanoi) in North Vietnam, and also tours South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia.