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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 30, 1974

    Report, 'NATO Conference on intelligence (AHIWG) for the review of the documents MC 161/73 and 255/73 (Bruxelles, 25th March-5th April)'

    Report from NATO's Intelligence Conference (AHIWG) where member states reviewed and updated two key intelligence documents: "Strength and Capabilities of the Soviet bloc" (MC 161/73) and "Warsaw Pact Penetration and Military Presence in the Middle East, North Africa and adjacent areas" (MC 255/73).

  • May 03, 1974

    Report by CSMD on Europe's Nine Autonomous Nuclear Force

    Report by CSMD on prospective configuration of Europe's Nine autonomous nuclear force. Includes discussion of NATO burden-sharing, comparison of US and European nuclear forces and costs. Annexes: A: French Military Balance 1972; B: French nuclear forces; C: Military Budget 1972; D: European Community nuclear forces.

  • May 14, 1974

    Note by CSMM on NPN (Nuclear-Powered Ship)

    Analysis by CSMM on the proposal by adm. G. Polano to employ the the NPN come centrale elettrica di emergenza.

  • June 28, 1974

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs (signed by De Rin), 'Atlantic Council held in Ottawa, 18th-19th June 1974'

    Reflections on the current state of transatlantic relations and Kissinger's foreign policy from Italian perspective. The meeting in Ottawa revealed that the US-Europe relationship is not one of harmony and concord, but that Kissinger sees himself as a peace builder in East-West relations, viewing them in strictly bilateral terms.

  • July 03, 1974

    Note from CSMD to MD on Italian ratification of the NPT

    Note by CSMD suggesting to postpone ratification of NPT in light of the destabilizing effects generated by the Indian nuclear test.

  • July 04, 1974

    Letter by the Italian Ambassador in London, Raimondo Manzini, to the Minister of Foreign Affairs Aldo Moro

    Italian Ambassador to London, Raimondo Manzini, writes to Foreign minister Moro in the aftermath of the 1974 Ottawa Declaration. He discusses the British interest in reviving the Special Relationship with the US and its effects on European politics, and suggests that through intensified dialogue and cooperation, an Anglo-Italian solidarity could function as a counterweight to the close Franco-German relations.

  • September 02, 1974

    MAE Report on Indian Nuclear Explosion

    Report by Italy's delegation to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva on the impact on the NPT of the Indian nuclear explosion, on the problem of the credibility and adaptation of the treaty to the new international situation. Includes suggestions for proposals by the Italian government concerning how to update the Treaty.

  • June 30, 1976

    MAE Cable on Italian Ratification of the NPT

    Memo by ambassador to the UK R. on disagreement by the British government over the Italian interpretation of art. 1 and 2 of the NPT regarding PNE (Peaceful Nuclear Explosion).

  • August 14, 1976

    MAE Report on Italian Ratification of the NPT

    Analysis by MAE litigation service on the scope and legal relevance of the reaction by depositary states and Australia to the Italian declaration of May 4 1975on the issue of nuclear weapons and other nuclear explosive devices.

  • 1977

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Disarmament'

    This note my the Italian Foreign Ministry discusses the growing tensions caused by the ongoing arms race and introduces different disarmament strategies suggested by the Soviet Union, Denmark, and the Warsaw Pact.

  • May 10, 1977

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Factual Data: Cruise Missiles'

    This document describes the operational characteristics and strategic implications of cruise missiles, and their potential significance for SALT.

  • May 10, 1977

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'SALT'

    This document describes the state of SALT negotiations between the USSR and the US and presents two alternative proposals by Vance.

  • May 10, 1977

    Memorandum by Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 'MBFR'

    This document describes the state of MBFR negotiations in May 1977, and concludes that the positions of the two sides have not moved closer to one another since the last meeting a year earlier.

  • December 28, 1977

    Letter from Forlani to GA

    Remarks by Minister of Foreign Affairs Forlani to Andreotti on negotiations with South Africa for uranium supply and uncertainties in the local political situation. Annex: letter from ENI President Pietro Sette to Forlani on negotiations with private company NUFCOR within the cadre of the Italian nuclear program.

  • May 20, 1978

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Catalano to Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'DPC Ministerial session - Long-term defense program'

    Telegram from Italy's permanent representative to NATO, Felice Catalano, to Foreign Minister Arnaldo Forlani. Forlani analyses the Defense Planning Committee's proposal for NATO's long-term defence program that will be brought before heads of state at the Washington Summit in the end of May.

  • May 30, 1978

    Memorandum by Minister of Defense Attilio Ruffini for the Prime Minister Andreotti, 'Washington Summit - NATO's program for long-term defense (LTDP)'

    Minister of Defense Attilio Ruffini's notes to Prime Minister Andreotti regarding NATO's proposal for a long-term defense program. Italy faces pressure to increase its economic contribution, but for the time being cannot make a binding commitment.

  • December 14, 1978

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The autumn sessions of NATO Ministers of Defense meetings (Eurogroup: 4th December; DPC 5th-6th December 1978)'

    The 1978 fall sessions of the Eurogroup and the Defense Planning Committee discussed the Alliance's reaction to new nuclear capabilities of the Soviet Union and conventional build up of the Warsaw Pact. Even though the NATO states acknowledge that the Soviet Union will not be able to maintain its current efforts due to its economic problems, 1980s are seen as posing risks to the current peace.

  • December 18, 1978

    Memorandum by Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 'The 1978 Ministerial Atlantic Council'

    Notes from the NATO Ministerial meeting. Topics discussed included the need to "relaunch" d├ętente, Soviet policy in Africa, US optimism about SALT, political tensions in Romania, China and the Baltics, and European concerns over Soviet medium range missiles.

  • January 27, 1979

    Letter by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Forlani to the Minister of Defense Ruffini, and Ruffini's reply with attachment General Staff of Defense (SMD) note

    Correspondence between the Foreign Minister Forlani and Minister of Defense Ruffini regarding modernization of NATO's nuclear capabilities, including technical and military aspects, and political implications.

  • September 01, 1979

    Report by the Special Group on Control of Theater Nuclear Forces

    Report by NATO Special Group to the Ministers on how to approach negotiations with the URSS on INF.